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Interactive CV

SEACSM Presentation
Home
HPED 570
Self Paced Learning Sample
HPED 442
Sample Rubric
HPED 731
HPED 105
HPED 569
HPED 445
National Endocrine Presentation
Public Health Forum, Greensboro, NC, 2006
Statement of Teaching Philosophy
Teaching
Health Disparities Grant- Healthy Lifestyles
USDA Grant- Baseline College Obesity-Related Risk
Prevalence of Type II Risk in Elderly
Lifestyle Activity vs. Traditional Activity & Obesity-Related Risk Factors

Research

The Prevalence of Potentially Modifiable Type II Diabetic Risk Factors Among Elderly African-Americans.

 

The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of potentially modifiable risk factors (RF) for Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (NIDDM) in low income African-Americans. A voluntary convenience sample of residents without diagnosed NIDDM [N=20; Males (M) n=4, 64 5.5 yrs.; Females (F) n=16, 74 9.8 yrs] was taken from two federally subsidized independent-living long-term-care facilities. Data for the following variables were collected during two testing sessions: fasting capillary whole blood glucose (FBG), fasting capillary whole blood triglycerides (TG), and HDL cholesterol using the finger-stick method; blood pressure (BP), body composition using bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) [Xitron Technologies], skinfold (SK) and girth measurements ‘including saggital diameter (SAG) and waist circumference (WAIST)]; and, Diabetes Risk Assessment Test, a seven item questionnaire from the American Diabetes Association (ADA). Ten subjects (M=2, F=8) had FBG’s that met the elevated (FBG>110mg/dl) or positive diagnosis (FBG>126mg/dl) for FBG set by the ADA for NIDDM. Ten participants had TG>200, six of whom were currently taking cholesterol-lowering medications. Twelve subjects had elevated BP, despite current administration of BP-lowering medications. Mean values for BIA percent body fat (%BF) were 43.9% and 39.8% for women and men respectively. Fat-Free Mass (FFM) by BIA appeared to be underestimated when compared to SK FFM, possibly due to lower total body water in this group of subjects. SAG [33.1 and 36.3 cm for men and women, respectively] and WAIST [102 and 104 cm for men and women, respectively] were indicative of increased risk for heart disease. Of the twenty participants nearly all had one of more RF for NIDDM, suggesting the need for further investigation of, and more diligent screening for NIDDM in this population.

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