North Carolina A&T State University
Department of Human Performance and Leisure Studies
Physiology of Sport and Exercise
Brenda Swearingin, PhD (ABD)
Meeting Times: T/R 9:00 am – 10:20 am, Corbett
Center, Room 101
Corbett Center Room G-01 a , Phone 334-7712
M/W 1:30 pm - 2:50 pm
T/R 10:30-11 am and 4:30-5 pm
F 8-10 am and by appointment
REQUIRED=Biology 100-341 or 369 & 370,and HPED 445
J.H. and Costill, D.L. Physiology of Sport and Exercise. 3rd Edition (2004), Human Kinetics; Champaign,
Course Description: Application of human physiology principles
to sport, exercise and training with regard to body systems and performance.
Rationale: The initial study of exercise physiology requires
the student to have prior competency in basic human anatomy and physiology. This
course provides a theoretical basis for understanding the body's physiological responses to exercise. Additionally,
the course investigates how the support systems of the body (respiratory, cardiovascular, muscular, etc.) respond to the varying intensities of exercise. Emphasis
will be placed upon the practical application of exercise physiology principles to coaching, teaching, and other physical
training practices. For students who wish to pursue further studies in exercise
physiology or related graduate fields, a thorough mastery of this fundamental information is extremely important and provides
the foundation for more advanced study in exercise bioenergetics, biochemistry, physiology, physical therapy and sports medicine.
Course Objectives: Upon successful completion of this course, students
will be able to:
Define the term exercise physiology.
Define the principle of individuality.
Define the principle of specificity of training.
Define the principle of progressive overload.
Define the principle of disuse.
Describe the major components of a resistance training program.
Explain the basic structure and function of human skeletal muscle.
Describe the normal functioning of
the human nervous system and its roles in human movement.
Describe the relationship between energy production and oxygen consumption.
Identify the specific energy pathways
for various physical activities and sporting events.
Describe the hormonal regulation of metabolism during physical activity.
Explain the metabolic adaptations
to the human body after acute and chronic exercise training.
Describe the basic anatomy and function of the cardiovascular system.
Explain the cardiovascular adaptations
occurred through chronic endurance training.
Understand thermal regulation in the human body during exercise.
Conduct various aspects of fitness testing in humans.
Muscular strength and endurance assessments
Pulmonary function testing
Create appropriate testing alternatives for various field settings.
Design an appropriate exercise program
using the scientific principles of exercise prescription.
Value the importance of understanding
the physiological responses to exercise and physical activity.
Value the usefulness of fitness testing
Develop a positive attitude toward
utilizing basic physiological principles in developing healthy individuals.
Course Schedule: During the length of this course we will
discuss the following information:
Introduction and Overview
Exercise Physiology Primer: Review of Anatomy and Physiology
Control of Movement
Control of Movement
Adaptations to Resistance Training
Exam #2 Essentials of Movement
and Basic Energy Systems
Regulation of Exercise
Adaptations to Training
Exam #3 Energy for Movement
Cardiovascular Control During Exercise
Respiratory Regulation During Exercise
Cardiorespiratory Adaptations to Training
Exam #4 Cardiorespiratory Function and Performance
Thermal Regulation and Exercise
Exercise in Hypobaric, Hyperbaric, and Microgravity Environments
Quantifying Sports Training
Ergogenic Aids and Performance
Nutrition and Nutritional Ergogenics
Optimal Body Weight for Performance
Growth, Development, and the Young Athlete
Aging and the Older Athlete
Sex Differences and the Female Athlete
Prescription of Exercise for Health and Fitness
Cardiovascular Disease and Physical Activity
Obesity, Diabetes, and Physical Activity
Exam #5 Optimizing Performance in Sport (special topics)
Note: No make-ups on exams, quizzes or labs without
written medical (or similar university-accepted) excuse. See student handbook for details.
Grading Scale (OFFICIAL GRADES DO NOT INCLUDE +/-):
A+ 97% - 100%
C+ 77% - 79%
A 93% - 96%
C 73% - 76%
A- 90% - 92%
C- 70% - 72%
B+ 87% - 89%
D+ 67% - 69%
D 63% - 66%
B- 80% - 82%
D- 60% - 62%
00% - 59
The instructor will
use the following strategies during the course of instruction:
Computerized/digital lecture presentations
Demonstrations and brief laboratory experiences
CD ROM self-paced learning- Interactive Physiology
Attendance: While class attendance IS REQUIRED, I do not have an
attendance policy that penalizes students for excessive absences. Rather, attendance affects grades through the lowering of
the participation grade, the inability to make-up quizzes and in-class assignments missed for non university-excused absences,
and the lower quality of work that typically results from the loss of instruction. Roll will be recorded, including notations
concerning late arrival and early departure.
Punctuality: Students are expected to come to class on time and stay for the whole period. Should late arrivals
or early departures interfere with the provision of a quality learning environment, these concerns will be addressed individually
and may lead to the inclusion of late penalties or dismissal from the course.
Excused Absences Defined: Excused absences are the following:
- Illness of the student or serious illness
of a member of the student's immediate family.
- The death of a member of the student's
- Trips for members of student organizations
sponsored by an academic unit, trips for University classes, and trips for participation in intercollegiate athletic events.
When possible, it is the student’s responsibility to notify the instructor prior to the occurrence of such absences.
- Major Religious Holidays. Students
are responsible for notifying the instructor in writing of anticipated absences due to their observance of such holidays no
later than the last day for adding a class.
Written documentation will be required
for all excused absences.
If you do not contact the course coordinator
within one week of missing a test assignment or quiz, or during the next class period you attend (whichever comes first),
your absence will be counted as unexcused.
Missed announcements, instructions,
assignments, etc. due to the absence(s) will not constitute acceptable reasons for failing to meet subsequent deadlines. It
is the student's responsibility to learn the content of the missed classes and to initiate arrangements with the coordinator
for making up the work.
NOTE: See definition of excused absences
in the current edition of the A&T Student Handbook. No absence can be designated "excused" until documentation has
been provided and verified. Absences due to minor conditions (lack of transportation, slight discomfort, conflict with
an appointment, etc.) are considered unexcused, as are absences for registration or advising.
Missed Assignments, Quizzes or Tests: Students must take the exams at the scheduled time. In case of a legitimate unforeseen
conflict (illness or death in the family), the student MUST contact the instructor within one class period after the scheduled
exam in order to have an opportunity to take the test. In case of other conflicts the student MUST inform the coordinator
at least a week in advance. Notification of a conflict DOES NOT necessarily validate the need for a specially scheduled exam.
The instructor will make that decision.
Extra Credit: Throughout the semester several opportunities will be made available for students to
attain extra credit (such as the participation in research activities, class projects, special assignments and viewing of
Interactive Physiology CD modules)
Academic Integrity: Academic dishonesty defined from the NCAT Student Code of Conduct: dishonesty
in quizzes, tests or assignments; claiming credit for work not done or done by others; hindering the academic work of other
students; misrepresenting academic or professional qualifications within or without the University; and nondisclosure or misrepresentation
in filling out applications or other University records. The Sport Science faculty supports the importance of academic integrity.
A student violating academic dishonesty guidelines will receive an “F” for the course. A second violation will
result in the student being withdrawn from the Sport Science program.
Lab Reports: For each lab report, students will turn in a lab report. Please BULLET each section. More instructional
guidelines for the lab will be introduced with the actual laboratory.
Introduction: Up to 150 words describing the physiological
component of the lab.
Methods: Describe in detail what went on in the lab.
Conclusions: Up to 150 words discussing the
findings and outcome of the lab.
Special Needs: Qualified students with special needs should see the
instructor as soon as possible.
Professional Courtesy: Please make sure you turn off all cellular phones
and audio-activated pagers in class. Students are expected to attend class, be on time for class and stay until the end of
class according to handbook guidelines as of Fall 2005. Note will be taken of attendance and any problems with regard to this
matter will be addressed individually. A course of action for those not in accordance with this university policy may include,
but is not limited to, a plan that will include attendance as a component of the students grade or dismissal from the
class. Be respectful of fellow learners and yourself- BE HERE ON TIME and FOR THE DURATION OF THE CLASS.
Attire: All students should bring comfortable workout gear for the laboratory experiences.
Reports: Laboratory reports are due on the date specified. No late papers will be accepted. Students must be
present at labs to receive credit for the report.
Scholarly Questions, Analytical Thinking, and Interactive Quizzes:
Study questions and quizzes will be available at the text website. These quizzes are intended to help students prepare for
the exams. The interactive quizzes are directly from assigned readings in the text. Student are expected to be prepared for
class, and scholarly questions are encouraged.
Diversity: Where appropriate, this course will address racial, cultural, and gender differences in regard
to health and exercise values attitudes and behaviors and will explore the importance of cultural sensitivity in teaching
OTHER MATERIALS THAT MAY BE HELPFUL
& Howley, E.T. (1997). Exercise Physiology: Theory and Application to Fitness and Performance. (3rd
edition). Dubuque, IA: Brown & Benchmark.
Foss, M.L. &
Keteyian, S.J. (1998). Fox's Physiological Basis for Exercise and Sport. (6th edition). Boston, MA:
McArdle, W.D., Katch, F.I., & Katch, V.L. (1994). Exercise physiology: energy, nutrition and human performance.
(4th ed). Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger.
Medicine & Science in Sports
Journal of Applied Physiology
European Journal of Applied Physiology
NSCA Strength & Conditioning Journal
Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
C. Leading Theorists